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Infrastructure in Jammu & Kashmir - Health

Government Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir - Established 1959. A Government of Jammu & Kashmir Institution Government Medical College, a premier institute of J&K was founded in the year 1959 with the aim of imparting quality education and provide basic health services to the people of Jammu and Kashmir by producing doctors of high calibre from the valley itself, to serve the large and rather backward population of the state. In the forthcoming years the college progressed to such an extent that it surpassed all the initial expectations which the people had from it. Four decades later GMC Srinagar, along with its associated hospitals covers every field of health care, from the basic dispensaries to providing advanced medical facilities like MRI and CT scan to the masses and that too at heavily subsidized and affordable rates. The college has played a very important role in the development of Kashmir and produced a huge number of doctors of the highest quality and merit. The doctors produced from this college are quickly absorbed by the hospitals inside and outside the state, and make sure that they never let down the prestigious institution that had made doctors out of them. The glory of this institution has continued up to this day with a hundred bright young doctors passing out of the gates of the college every year, always remaining miles ahead from their counterparts who pass from other institutions. Each day the college and it's hospital provide care and relief to about 10,000 people from near and far off places. Besides providing teaching to the under-graduate M.B.B.S students the college also imparts Post graduate training in various fields like Surgery, Medicine, Pathology, Psychiatry etcetera. The teaching staff comprises of highly qualified doctors, each of whom is a master in his or her field. The classes are held in the college and in the hospitals, as the case may be. The college also conducts educational tours to different places in India. This college has and will remain a dream for all the bright and aspiring students of J&K, a dream whose realization lies in being a part of this institution, an institution which has shaped the future of so many and continues to do so. GMC Srinagar was started in 1959 in a place called Hauzribagh in Srinagar (Capital of Jammu and Kashmir) on the banks of the Jhelum River. The first principal of GMC Srinagar was Col Murti. The building was later shifted to the present day location in 1961 and was inaugurated by Mr. Bakshi Ghulam Muhhamad the then Prime Minister of the state of Jammu and Kashmir on 25th August 1961. The old location now houses the Lalded hospital for women (Obstretics and Gynae) and the Children hospital, both of which are associated hospitals of GMC Srinagar. The college was renowned all over for its standard of teaching as well as for its breath taking beauty. For many years the college was ranked at number 4 in all India ranking of Medical colleges and also retained this ranking for many a years. Unfortunately due to the political conditions in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the college lost much of its shine and glory, losing its place to colleges which were far behind it in all aspects. However after 10 years of apathy, and under the able administration of the new Principal Dr Rouf, the college has come back on its tracks and with a promise to regain all that it has lost in all these years.

Associated Hospitals of Govt. Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir - Government Medical College has a number of Hospitals Associated with it, most of them being the largest ones in the state and the most specialized ones too. These hospitals provide extensive medical care and facilities to a large chunk of the Kashmiri Population (about 70% of the population of Kashmir) . The care imparted in these hospitals is intensive as well as affordable for the poor and the needy. Besides providing patient care , these hospitals also provide education to the under graduate students studying in GMC Srinagar as well as the Post Graduate Students having completed their M.B.B.S courses from the very college as well as other colleges inside and outside the state. The vast number of patients, together with the varied complaints and the specialist hospitals make sure that by the time a student of GMC Srinagar passes out from the college, there is hardly any disease or condition he or she hasn't seen first hand. This is a boon and is easily reflected when the GMCites come face to face with the other graduates from Russia or even the different parts of India. Also the staffs available in these hospitals are very experienced and knowledgeable, and each GMC Student leaves this college with a pride and confidence of knowing that he is the best. The many associated hospitals of GMC Srinagar include:

Shri Maharaja Hari Singh (S.M.H.S) Hospital - The S.M.H.S Hospital was established in 1948 at Karan Nagar in the heart of Srinagar city as a Government-owned General Hospital to provide patient care to needy patients. Primary and secondary medical care in the major specialties of Medicine, Surgery and Gynecology was made available to the general public on OPD and Inpatient basis.

In 1959, after the inauguration of Government Medical College on the same campus, S.M.H.S hospital became a major teaching institution imparting undergraduate and postgraduate medical training in all allied specialties of Medicine, Surgery and Gynecology.

In the 1970’s, as medical services became more specialized and differentiated, separate hospitals were established for specialties like Obstetrics and Gynecology and Orthopedics etc. The shifting of the concerned departments coincided with the expansion and differentiation of the major specialties of Medicine and Surgery.

Currently patient care services are offered in the specialties of Medicine, Surgery, Anesthesiology, Radio diagnosis and Imaging, Ophthalmology, ENT, Dermatology and Radiotherapy. Facilities also exist for the Super specialties of Cardiology, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Urology, Cardiothoracic surgery and Pediatric surgery.

These are supported by well organized and fully equipped diagnostic, therapeutic and support service departments. There is a separate Laboratory services block which undertakes routine, specialized and super specialized investigations.
The hospital also has a well-established Blood Transfusion department with modern facilities for the collection, storage and safe distribution of blood.

Lal Ded Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology (Under Const.) - The hospital provides exclusive services and emergency and interventional care in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology besides providing for facilities of Antenatal and Post natal care for women from all over the Kashmir. The Hospital also provides services on out patient side and in patient care to the patients admitted in the many wards.

Government Chest Disease Hospital Srinagar - The Government Chest Disease Hospital Srinagar caters exclusively to Patients with various Disorders of Chest Medicine. It also acts as a Medicine Dispensing center for Tuberculosis patients and patients suffering from other disorders like COPD which are quite prevalent in the cold climate of Kashmir.

The Chest Disease Hospital also serves as a center for Undergraduate Students of Government Medical College Srinagar who have to attend a Compulsory 2 week posting there. Similarly Students undergoing their Internship in Government Medical College Srinagar also have to undertake a compulsory 2 week training programme in the said hospital.

Bone and Joints Hospital Barzullah Srinagar (125 Beds Officially) - The Bone and Joints Hospital is an Associated Hospital of Government Medical College situated at Barzullah in Srinagar. Its is officially a 125 Bed Hospital; however the present Actual Bed Strength is 244 beds. The Hospital provides specialist care for all Bone and Joint disorders and procedures. It provides A&E (Accident and Emergency) care for patients involved in accidents and other types of Trauma.

The Hospital also provides Medical Education to the Undergraduate Students of Government Medical College Srinagar as well as the Post Graduate Students admitted every year.

Government Hospital for Children Srinagar (175 Beds) - The Government Hospital for Children is an Associated Hospital of Government Medical College Srinagar providing specialist care for all children up to the age of 15 years. It provides exclusive care to children in the Field of Medicine, Prevention and Treatment of Communicable diseases, Inpatient and Out Patient care free of cost and also Free and Subsidized Immunization according to WHO Standards and Protocols. The bed strength of the Hospital is 175; however the actual occupancy of the hospital at any given point of time is significantly higher.

The Hospital also provides Medical Education to the Undergraduate Students of Government Medical College Srinagar as well as the Post Graduate Students admitted every year.

Government Psychiatric Diseases Hospital - The Government Psychiatric Diseases Hospital Srinagar Kashmir is the only Hospital for Mental health in the whole of Kashmir. It is the main referral institution for all patients suffering from any Psychiatric Disease or Condition from all over the state. It provided to and fro referral services with the other Associated Hospitals of Government Medical College Srinagar.

The Hospital also provides teaching programme to Post Graduate and under graduate students of Government Medical College Srinagar and also provides a rotatory training programme to the Medical Interns affiliated with GMC Srinagar of varying durations.

The Government Psychiatric Diseases Hospital is situated around 2 kms away from Jawahar Lal Nehru Hospital Rainawari Srinagar, around 4 Kms away from the Kashmir University and 5 Kms from Lal Chowk the Heart of Srinagar City. It is located on the foot of the Famous Hari Parbath in a Quiet scenic spot away from the hustle bustle of daily life.

The Government Psychiatric Diseases Hospital is a 150 bed hospital providing free indoor care to all patients requiring the same. It also doubles as a Home for the Abandoned and as a Old age care facility.

• Indoor care to all Needy patients.
• Free Medicines/Drugs to all Inpatients.
• Free Investigation facilities to all Inpatients.
• Free Medicines to all Out Patients as well.
• Free Referral services to other associated hospitals.
• Provides Counselling to patients
• MSF (Medicine Sans Frontiers) Centre to provide counselling for CBT, BT and FT..
• PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) treatment.
• Psychosomatic Substance abuse treatment.
• Detoxification programmes.
• Long term care of patients with Convulsion disorders.
• Provides Counselling to patients.

Other Hospitals.

• Community Health Centre Ganderbal.
• Primary Health Centre Lar
• Primary Health Centre Hazrathbal

The health Centre provides Primary health care to the Area around the famous Hazrathbal Shrine and other adjoining localities. It is located at a stones throw from the huge campus of Kashmir University and around half a kilometer from the National Institute of Technology, Srinagar (Erstwhile Regional Engineering College Srinagar).

• NTPC Harwan
• AD Nishat
• AD Tailbal


Govt. Medical College, Jammu - Government Medical College, Jammu, a premier institute of J&K was started in the year, 1973 in a temporary building with the object to provide quality education and deliver the health care service to the people of this region. This institution is located in the heart of Temple City Jammu. This institution was started with the aim to train fifty medical students for MBBS course per year and to serve as referral hospital for Jammu Province. But now the seating capacity has been increased upto 120 students per year, Besides MBBS course the college also imparts Post-graduate training Course.

From the make shift sheds of years, with meagre staff and equipments, to the present day mammoth complete with chain of adequately staff and fully equipped associated hospitals, this college is now credited to the amongst a few top institution in the Northern Indian.
The institution started with a total of nine hundred beds and with the inauguration of Medical College Hospital building in the year of 1993, it has now increased to 1700 beds including associated hospitals including Sir. Col. R.N.Chopra Nursing Home.

At present, Govt. Medical College, Jammu is catering to the patients from whole of Jammu province, part of Kashmir valley and adjoining areas of neighbouring states of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Five Teaching Hospitals namely, Medical College Hospital, CD Hospital, SMGS Hospital, Psychiatry Hospital & Dental Hospital are associated with Medical College. There are 800 doctors including faculty and residents, 1000 Paramedical Staff including supervisory staff,1500 Class-III & IV employees working in the college and its associated hospitals.

Three Blocks .i.e. R.s.Pura, Kot-Bhalwal and Dansal are also affiliated to Medical College, Jammu for training of Undergraduates & Post-graduate students of the college.

College Council - Government Medical College, Jammu is headed by the Principal and Dean. The College Council comprises of all the Professors and Associated Professors. The Principal of Govt. Medical College is Chairman of the college council. Assistant Professors acting as HOD are Co-opted Members of the Council. Senior most Professors after the Principal is the Members Secretary. This Council serves as an advisory body to the Principal in all matters pertaining to the college. The council convenes a minimum of six sessions per year.

Associated Hospitals - The Associated Hospitals of GMC, Jammu are the premier Health Institutions of Jammu Province located in the heart of city of Temples, Jammu consisting of six districts with a population of 44 lacs. Jammu is the most popular district of J&K State.

As per the projection the estimated population of Jammu district is more than 16 lacs with a percentage growth in population of Jammu district is 66.62%. This population has a density of 390/Sq.m. Out of this an estimated 46.83% is Urban population.

The Associated Hospitals attached to the GMC, Jammu for the teaching are as under:

Medical College Hospital - Medical College Hospital was inaugurated in the year 1993 with bed strength of 850 beds including Col. R.N.Chopra Nursing Home. Medical College Hospital houses with various clinical departments like Medicine, Surgery, Eye, Orthopaedics, Radiology, Anesthesiology, Blood Bank, Pathology, Microbiology and Bio-Chemistry for provide an array of services aimed at the well being of the people in its areas of operation.

Emergency - Govt. Medical College Hospital has a emergency wing which run round the clock with facilities like reception, enquiry/registration counter, observation, resuscitation, emergency ward, disaster ward, Blood Bank, emergency operation theatres, recovery wards and emergency labs. The specialists from Medicine, Surgery, Orthopaedics, Forensic Medicine and Casualty Medical Officers are also available. The senior consultants from all specialties/super specialties are on call duty. X-Ray, Ultrasound, Spiral CT, ECG, Plaster, Dressing facilities is available round the clock.

The well equipped Ambulances and Hearse body carriers are also available. On an average 200 patients per day attend the casualty, out of which, about 70 are admitted and about 10 to 12 are operated in the emergency operation theatres. The services of medical social workers are also available.

Helpline - Enquiry counters are available in OPD registration areas and in casualty, where information regarding the hospital and admitted patients etc. is provided by the Medical record technicians.

May I help you counter has been established at Govt. Medical College Hospital in front of emergency. The social guides working in this counter providing information regarding the hospital and consultants and admitted patients. A dedicated telephone with No. 0191-585444 is provided in the counter for providing information to the public. The counter has internal telephone 428 for internal communication. This counter keeps control of two ambulances; one ambulance is stationed at Gandhi Nagar Hospital and other at Govt. Medical College Hospital Jammu. The drivers are provided with pagers. Anyone requiring the services of these ambulances calls at May I help you counter from where these drivers are directed to report by these social guides.

VCTC for AIDS - Voluntary counseling and testing centre* for AIDS patient is also being run by Microbiology department for counseling and testing of HIV positive cases. This centre is situated in front of OPD registration area in Govt. Medical College Hospital. The services of one male and one female qualified counselor in addition to laboratory back up for HIV testing are also available.

Stores & Dispensary - Every hospital is having its store which is headed by Medical Officer, Stores and managed by qualified pharmacists. Every effort is made to provide smooth supply of drugs, equipments, instruments and supplies to all the departments for proper functioning of the hospital. All efforts are made to provide most of the drugs to the patients admitted in the casualty and indoor wards. The costly drugs required by the poor/unattended patients are procured from the market on local purchased on recommendations of treating doctors. The victims of blasts, border firing and unnatural accidents are provided all necessary medicines from the hospital.

The hospital dispensaries also provide the medicines to the OPD patients. The list of drugs available in the hospital is displayed in the dispensary as well as in the different OPD’s.

Sri Maharaja Gulab Singh (SMGS) Hospital - SMGS (Sri Maharaja Gulab Singh) Hospital was inaugurated by his highness Maharaja Hari* Singh on 6th May-1940, as to provide proper & better health care to the people of Jammu. Maharaja build two hospital’s one in Jammu at the cost of Rupees Eight lakh and one in Srinagar at the cost of Rupees Thirty five lakh. Then both hospitals were called Sadar Hospitals. SMHS (Sri Maharaja Hari Singh Hospital) was inaugurated by Viceroy of India Lord Vewel. Medical Officers were appointed from out side the state. With the opening of Govt. Medical College, Jammu this hospital was attached with GMC for teaching purpose.

SMGS Hospital has bed strength of 550 beds and the following departments are housed there:

SMGS Hospital has been upgraded with more beds. Neo-natal ICU and facilities for Microscopic Surgery and Phototherapy unit has been created. In SMGS Hospital on an average 533 patients per day attend the various OPD’s, 86 patients per day are admitted, 50 major/minor operations are performed per day, about 10 ECGs, 65 ultrasounds/X-Rays per day and about 600 tests (pathology/bio/micro) are conducted in various labs.

Chest Disease Hospital - Govt. Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis Hospital is established in 1955 just opposite the Medical College Hospital Complex. This hospital is associated with Govt. Medial College, Jammu. Chest Disease Hospital has the capacity of 200 beds with all the modern amenities and equipments available.

Facilities Available - It has both Out Patient & Indoor Section, Out Patient Section has facilities for diagnosis and out patient dispensary for free treatment and follow-up clinic.

Indoor facility comprises of male and female wards with special ward for intensive care treatment, and Minor Operation Theatre where Chest procedures like pleural aspiration, Intercostal Intubations, Pleural Biopsies and FNAC are done.

Various specialized diagnostic tests available are Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy, Lung Function Tests, Blood Gas Analysis. E.C.G, Ultrasound with Ultrasound guided interventional procedures in Chest, Polysomnography in Sleep Lab.

Separate Radiology & Laboratory sections for all tests including Elisa for HIV are available

Psychiatric Disease Hospital - The Psychiatric Diseases Hospital is situated at Ambphalla, Jammu having indoor capacity of 75 beds with 5 observation beds in OPD This hospital has got modern investigation facilities like EEG, Advanced X-ray equipment and medical Laboratory. On an average 90-100 patients report to the OPD per day and out of them 3-5 patients get admitted in indoor ward.

Services & Treatment Facilities - Services and treatment provided at Hospital include round the clock emergency services, OPD services from 8 AM – 11AM in summer and 10AM – 2PM in winter on all week days. The services also include modified ECT Therapy, Psychological Counselling, Prison Psychiatric services and Medico legal Services.

There are specialized Clinic run by this hospital, which include:

Our Specialized Teaching Services:

Psychiatric Diseases Hospital also runs Public Awareness Programmes, De-addition counselling and students Psychological counselling. All these services are run under the supervision of trained authorities, which take special interest in function of all these service area.

Scientific Research at the GMC, Jammu - A research form is an integral part of the education programme of the Institute. Scientific inquiry includes basic research, and clinic research. Questions about a disease and its diagnosis and therapy are raised in a clinical setting, and answer obtained by using scientific methods in the laboratory is then translated into clinical practice. Writing a thesis/dissertation inculcates in the candidate the basic elements of planning and executing a scientific experiment with a well-defined objective. These are the basis of an advance in scientific experiment with a well-defined objective. These are the basis of an advance in scientific thought or problem management. The candidates also undergo a short training course in general research methodology and bio-statistical methods in medical research.

GMC has always made an endeavour to direct its various research activities to the relative needs of the society. The research work is carried out in accordance with nationally and internationally approved guidelines. It has to be cleared by a committee of experts from the viewpoint of its necessity and safety of the subjects to be studied along with its ethics. The student pursuing the post graduation courses are required to write a thesis/dissertation on a particular subject. During training the residents thus gain a first hand experience of conducting research in the laboratories along with community and patient care management. All the departments undertake research in the area of national importance. A unique feature of research at this Institute is the establishment of the Department of Experimental Medicine which helps various clinical departments to have an in-depth research at the level of molecular biology and basic sciences to correlate with the various clinical problems e.g. hypertension, coronary artery disease, rheumatic heart diseases, mal-absorption, etc.

The research output has been incredible and has found recognition at the various national and international forums. A number of faculty members have been honoured at the national level by the awards. Every year more than 300 research articles are published in National and International journals.

HIV Diagnostic test - GMC has a highly sensitive and specific ELISA system for detecting HIV antibodies and has detected many early cases.

Drug Bulletin - The Drugs Bulletin is quarterly published in house journal e.g. Postgraduate Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics and Postgraduate Department of Medicine. It provides balanced and up-to-date information about effectiveness, safety and adverse effects of different drugs available in the country.




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