Infrastructure in Jammu & Kashmir - Education
University of Jammu - Cradled in the lap of mountains at the foothills of auspicious Trikuta, besides the river Tawi at an altitude of 1030 ft. is Jammu. This 'city of temples' has many places that are flocked by people from every nook and corner. Among all these, also comes the famed university of Jammu. A place, where imparting education is not considered just as a mere duty, but as a commitment towards the advancement of the society. A university with a vision and a single-minded mission. To make Jammu university a name to reckon with. A saga that has been continuing from the time of its inception.
The University of Jammu, accredited as 'A' Grade University by National Assessment & Accreditation Council of India came into existence in 1969 vide Kashmir and Jammu Universities Act 1969 following bifurcation of the erstwhile University of Jammu and Kashmir. The University provides instructions in such branches of learning as it deems fit and makes provision for research and the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. The University stands for spiritual and material elements in life thirst for knowledge and virtue under the backdrop of holy peaks of Trikuta Hills.
University of Jammu holds examinations, grants degrees, generates knowledge and confers diverse academic distinctions on persons who pursue approved courses of study in the University or in constituent colleges/institutions approved for the purpose also for those who appear as external/private candidates. It also confers honorary degrees or other distinctions on the persons of exceptional caliber. The University also admits, maintains, recognizes, affiliates colleges and other institutions. It is primarily a research, teaching, affiliating, examining body involved in promotion of arts, science and other branches of learning. The University is open to all classes and creeds with the sole objective to carry people from darkness to light.
University Profile - The University of Jammu, accredited as 'A' grade University by National Assessment & Accreditation Council of India came into existence in 1969 vide Kashmir and Jammu Universities Act 1969 following bifurcation of the erstwhile University of Jammu and Kashmir.
The University provides instructions in such branches of learning as it deems fit and makes provision for research and the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. The University stands for spiritual and material elements in life thirst for knowledge and virtue under the backdrop of holy peaks of Trikuta Hills. University of Jammu holds examinations, grants degrees, generates knowledge and confers diverse academic distinctions on persons who pursue approved courses of study in the University or in constituent colleges/institutions approved for the purpose also for those who appear as external/private candidates.
It also confers honorary degrees or other distinctions on the persons of exceptional caliber. The University also admits, maintains, recognizes, and affiliates colleges and other institutions. It is primarily a research, teaching, affiliating, and examining body involved in promotion of arts, science and other branches of learning. The University is open to all classes and creeds with the sole objective to carry people from darkness to light.
Journals and Publications - University publishes regularly Campus News. University also publishes Research Journal of Social Sciences and Arts, Distance Education, Annual University Report."Multidisciplinary Journal of University of Jammu" (Researcher) published bi-annually.
University of Kashmir - Situated at Hazratbal, an idyllic area on the western side of the fabulous Dal Lake of Srinagar and held in veneration by the Muslims for the beautiful mosque that enshrines the holy hair of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), the University of Kashmir is spread over 263 acres of lush green land with three adjacent campuses of exquisite beauty, Amar Singh Bagh, Naseem Bagh and Mirza Bagh. Amar Singh Bagh is located on the bank of the Dal having on its other three sides a background of mountainous amphitheatre rising to a great height above its crystal clear water. Naseem Bagh, or "the garden of breezes", laid originally by Emperor Akbar, is a magnificient grove of chinar trees, facing the artificially formed island, Sona Lank or the Golden Island, in the centre of the northern portion of the Dal. Mirza Bagh, now the "University Town", housing the residential quarters for the teaching and non-teaching staff of the University, is situated on the bank of the famous, Nageen Lake. The unique combination of lake and mountain scenery, and the impressive calm and serene ambience provide a highly congenial atmosphere for the philosopher's contemplation and the scientist's research.
The University arose out of humble origins immediately after Independence when in 1948 the State Government established an institute for conduct of examinations with its headquarters at Srinagar, Justice J. N. Wazir being its Honorary Vice-Chancellor. This was followed by a noble effort by the authorities to revive the old tradition of learning and teaching, an essential feature of ancient Kashmir, through the establishment of three postgraduate departments in 1956 - English at Srinagar, and Economics and Geology at Jammu. Thus came into being a full-fledged University, then christerned the University of Jammu and Kashmir, with Mr. A. A. Fyzee as its first whole-time Vice-Chancellor. The University was shifted to the present campus, known as Amar Singh Bagh, when the land was donated by Dr. Karan Singh, the second Chancellor of the University. A lay-out plan was prepared by Mr. Fayaz-ud-Din, Chief Town Planner from what is now Andhra Pradesh and Mr. G. B. Mhatra, an eminent architect of Bombay. With financial assistance provided by the University Grants Commission and the State Government, a series of construction works began at the Campus in 1959, with the foundation stone laid for the Arts Faculty Block by Bakhshi Ghulam Mohammad, the then Prime Minister of the State, on 5 June 1959. The Faculty was commissioned on 1 August 1960 by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, the then Vice-President of the country.
In 1965 the University was reorganized and divided into two divisions of equal status; one for the province of Jammu and the other for the province of Kashmir - with a central organization having specific legislative and executive powers relating to budget, finance, planning, coordination, improvement of standards of teaching and examinations and devising of courses of studies. Each division had its own executive body to run the day-to-day administration and its own academic bodies to formulate programmes and policies. The Pro-Vice-Chancellor was the chief executive and academic officer of the concerned division while the Vice-Chancellor was the principal executive and academic head of the whole University. Mr. G. A. Mukhtar, the then Education Advisor to the State Government was appointed the first Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the Kashmir division.
By an ordinance promulgated by the Governor of the State of J&K on 5 September 1969 - which was subsequently replaced by an Act of the State Legislature and was published in the Government Gazette on 10 November 1969, the University of Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two full-fledged Universities : the University of Jammu and the University of Kashmir. Accordingly, the statutes and regulations of the Jammu and Kashmir University Act, 1965 were modified.
Since 1956, this academic institution has come a long way and has developed into a multi-faculty University, imparting instruction in various subjects in the Faculty of Arts, Languages, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Education, Commerce, Law, Medicine, Dental Surgery, Engineering, Music and Fine Arts and Non-formal Education, all manned by academics with considerable teaching and research experience, some of whom occupy places of eminence in the academic world.
The University provides reasonably comfortable residential facilities - on first-come-first-served basis to the teaching and non-teaching staff as well as to students, male and female, in hostels. Besides the departmental libraries, the University has a centrally-heated central library, called Iqbal Library, with a vast collection of books, leading national and international journals and magazines and the recently installed internet facility. The location of the library, a magnificent edifice, at a walking distance from the various departments of the University, renders it easily accessible to teachers, research scholars and students of the University.
Sher-e-Kashmri University of Agricultural Science and Technology J&K - The Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, J & K was established in the year 1982 with the objectives of catering to the research, education and extension education requirements of the state. The entire educational infrastructure like colleges of Agriculture, Veterinary and Forestry came up in Kashmir province only and major infrastructure for research and extension was also developed in the same region. Subsequently, a demand for the establishment of a separate Agriculture University for Jammu region was projected as agro-climatically and topographically, the Jammu region is different from the Kashmir division having diversity among its livestock, type and pattern of cropping and socio-economic/geographic linkages. The problems of Jammu region are location specific in research on crops, pulses, fruits, oil-seeds, vegetables, agriculture, species of livestock and poultry. Keeping these considerations in view, the then Prime Minister of India, Sh. H.D. Deve Gowda, during his visit to Jammu in 1996, announced the establishment of a separate Agricultural University for Jammu region. His successor-in-office, Sh. I. K. Gujral, subsequently reiterated this commitment
Following these announcements, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) constituted a high-powered committee popularly known as the Madan Committee. The Committee recommended, in principle, the establishment of the separate Agricultural University for Jammu Accordingly; the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology Act of 1982 was amended by the State legislature providing for a separate Agricultural University by the same name (SKUAST of Jammu).
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Jammu came into existence on 20th September 1999 following the amendment in Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Act 1982 through the State legislature. The establishment of SKUAST of Jammu has in its background aspirations, commitment and missionary zeal to fulfill the area specific needs of people of Jammu for research and development in the fields of agriculture and allied sectors under the diversified agro-climatic conditions. The SKUAST of Jammu inherited few assets and staff deployed at various stations and sub stations from erstwhile SKUAST(J&K) to carry on the mission of agriculture research and development.
To meet the demand of trained manpower of development departments and face the challenges in agriculture under the clout of liberalization, privatization and globalization, the pursuance of academic excellence and production of need based trained graduate has been given due priority. In the accomplishment of this task, the top positions of university were filled and the various statutory bodies of the university i.e University Council, Board of Management, Research Council, Extension Council and Academic Council were notified. Wide variety of talent and intellect have been positioned in the faculties and assigned the task of building institute of academic excellence and responsiveness to the need of farming community. The admission to the undergraduate courses in agriculture, veterinary sciences, post graduates courses in agriculture, veterinary sciences and Doctorate programme through competitive exams is a regular feature.
In pursuit to establish a comprehensive resident instruction programme the selection of suitable site for establishment of university was given due consideration. After long deliberations and visits to various sites, Chatha/Rakh Chatha was identified as the most suitable site for the main campus of the university. The R.S.Pura campus has been remodeled to house the full-fledged Faculty of Veterinary Sciences. Within the constraints of space academic, research and extension activities were carried out with full missionary zeal. The quality of education imparted was recognized and degrees awarded by university have been recognized by Veterinary Council of India in a brief span of less than five years. SKUAST of Jammu has the distinction of being one among 10 SAU's to start the RAWE programme in the B.Sc. Agriculture curriculum. The libraries, being key to the academic excellence and pursuance of quality research have been given due consideration. Separate libraries have been established at the Chatha and R.S.Pura campuses having good reference book bank and subscription to National and International journals.
Concerted efforts were made to systemize the research activities on sound footing, the research priorities were identified and subsequently various research projects were framed to tackle the area specific constraints. All these efforts proved fruitful and break through have been made in varietal development; production management and post harvest technology. About 26 research projects funded by various agencies are being pursued in university. In order to give a boost to horticulture production particularly on post harvest technology, value addition & systematic marketing. one prestigious project for the establishment of quality control laboratory in this university has been approved by Govt. of India with financial assistance of Rs.1 Crore.
The university has been actively involved in the transfer of evolved technologies to the end users through the strong extension system. The scientist farmer interactions are frequent and liberal. Training programmes for the up-gradation and refreshing the technical knowledge of line departments' functionaries are organized. The technologies developed, tested, refined are disseminated for adoption by farmers through adoptive trials and front line demonstrations through Krishi Vigyan Kendras. The technical information and production recommendations are disseminated through the publications and print material in form of pamphlets, leaflet and posters. Keeping abreast with the latest technologies available in field of information technology facilities like Video Conferencing and LAN are available for usage. KISSAN CALL CENTER for spontaneous redressal of farmer's queries is functioning in the university.
Aim & Objectives - With the major objectives of catering to the needs of research, education and extension education requirements of the state, the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, J & K was established in the year 1982. The entire educational infrastructure like colleges of Agriculture, Veterinary, Forestry and major infrastructure for research and extension came up only in Kashmir province. Subsequently, a demand for the establishment of a separate Agriculture University was arises as; the Jammu region is agro-climatically and topographically different from the Kashmir division having diversity among its livestock, type and cropping pattern and socio-economic/geographic linkages.
The problems of farming community in Jammu province in agriculture are location specific in research on field crops, pulses, fruits, oil-seeds, and vegetables, where as in veterinary sciences, species of livestock and poultry. Keeping these parameters in view, the then Prime Minister of India, Sh. H.D. Deve Gowda, on his visit to Jammu in 1996, announced the establishment of a separate Agricultural University for Jammu region. His successor-in-office, Sh.I.K.Gujral, subsequently reiterated the same commitment.
Following these announcements, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) constituted a high-powered committee popularly known as Madan Committee to look into the matter. Later on the Committee submitted its recommendation and agreed in principle for the establishment of separate Agricultural University for Jammu. Accordingly, the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology Act of 1982 was amended by the State legislative assembly for establishment of a separate Agricultural University in the same name (SKUAST of Jammu).
Hence the birth of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Jammu was held on 20th September, 1999 following the amendment of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Act 1982 through the State legislature.
The University has two faculties viz. Faculty of Agriculture at Chatha/Udheywalla and Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry at R.S. Pura and have different Research station/Sub-Stations/centre spread over the entire Jammu province comprising of Six districts viz, Doda, Poonch, Rajouri, Jammu and Kathua are engaged in research activities in the areas of agriculture, horticulture, livestock, dairy, fisheries and home science.
- Imparting education in Agriculture and other allied branches of learning and scholarship.
- Advancement of learning and prosecution of research in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and other allied branches.
- Undertaking the extension education of such sciences for the benefit of the rural people of the State.
- Such other purpose as the university may from time to time determine.
Vice Chancellor -Dr. B. Mishra – a famous rice and wheat breeder has joined Vice Chancellor, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Jammu in the forenoon of 14th November, 2008. Dr. Mishra, a distinguished and successful plant breeder and research manager, headed the Directorate of Rice Research (DRR), Hyderabad and Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR), Karnal - the two most important crops, rice and wheat, contributing more than 75 % to National Food basket. He was National rice and wheat research programme leader for more than eight years. He has co-ordinated several important national and international research projects (ICAR-UNDP, IRRI-ADB, Indo-UK, ICAR-IRRI, CSSRI-UoS- IRRI, DFID, World Bank/EEU aided CSSRI-UPLDC, ACIAR-ICAR, Indo-Swiss (ISCB), ICAR- CIMMYT, ICAR-ICARDA) etc. His pioneering work on genetics of salinity tolerance and ion uptake in rice is well recognized worldwide. Of the several salt tolerant and high yielding rice varieties (CSR 10, CSR 13, CSR 23, CSR 27, CSR 30, CSR 36 and Jarava) and one early rice hybrid (DRRH 2) were developed by him. CSR-10 and CSR-30 have revolutionized rice production in the fragile saline / sodic soil areas. CSR 30 is the World’s first Basmati variety possessing salt tolerance has now replaced the best quality Basmati type Taraori Basmati and also adapted to normal soil. It occupies more than 90 per cent of the traditional type basmati area in Haryana. Dr. Mishra has made outstanding contribution in developing low-cost biological amelioration technology for salt affected soils through development and popularization of CSR 10 variety which is substitute of chemical amendment for resource poor farmers. He has done pioneering work of introgressing 3 BLB genes (xa5, xa 13 & Xa21) in Sambha Mahsuri variety of rice which has now been released for commercial cultivation. Another most significant contribution made under his leadership was the development of rice hybrids in India which has now spread from an area of 0.1 mha to more than 1.2 mha now. As Project Director, he has facilitated the development and release of 144 rice including hybrids, 21 wheat, 1 triticale and 3 barley varieties suited for different ecologies. He has coordinated the national gene pyramiding project of rice, wheat, maize, chickpea and tomato, functional genomics and many others. He was also involved in the development and release of wheat variety, DBW 17, a substitute of PBW 343 and one malt barley variety DWRUB 52. Novel research initiatives like pyramiding of rust resistance genes (Yr5, Yr10, Yr15, Lr34, Lr37) in the background of popular wheat cultivars like PBW 343, HUW 234 and Lok 1 have been initiated during his leadership. He has played a key role in formulating strategies to tackle threat of a new stem rust race Ug99. He has visited many countries (USA, UK, Australia, China, Japan, Italy, Philippines, Mexico, France, Netherlands, Spain, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan, Egypt, Australia, Mexico etc.). To his credit he has 427 publications including 74 refereed research papers in international & national journals of repute. He has guided 8 PhD and 3 MSc students and organized 315 training programmes and many national/international conferences. He has been Chairman / Member of many Board of Management / Academic Council / Management Committee / Research Advisory Committee and Selection Board of SAUs and ASRB, New Delhi. He is recipient of many prestigious international and national awards and honours- Rafi Ahmed Kidwai (ICAR), AK Richharia (Best Rice Scientist - International Year of Rice), Hari Om Ashram Trust (ICAR), Rao Bahadur Dr. Ram Dhan Singh Memorial Award (CCS HAU) and International Senadhira Award (IRRI, Philipines) and several other recognitions like Fellow of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) and Member of International Organizing Committee of 12th International Wheat Genetics Symposium.
Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University - Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University has come into existence by an Act of the Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly called the Jammu & Kashmir Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University Act No. XVI of 2002. The university is nurtured by the Jammu & Kashmir Wakf Council. The motto of the university is “Iqra bismi Rabbik alladi Khalaq” which means, “Read in the name of God who has created all that exists”. It reflects the vision and idealism for which the university stands. The objective identified for the university in the Act is to impart quality education and undertake research in basic and job oriented fields. Accordingly, the university has launched postgraduate teaching programmes in Business Management, Financial Management, Computer Sciences, Information Technology, Arabic, Applied Mathematics and B. Tech in Electronics and Communication, Computer Sciences & Engineering and Information Technology.
Central Library - From a modest beginning, the BGSBU library is on the verge of a real take off, as it combines the virtues of classical reading / study with the strength of 21st Century technology. It is growing in new fields, while consolidating on the gains of the past. It is trying to reach out to members and create new ways to fulfill their information requirement. The University is committed to “reach the unreached” with state-of-art infrastructure, modern library and the right ambience for teaching learning process.
BGSB University is devoted to provide quality Library Services. BGSB University has been admitted as an institutional member of DELNET (Developing Library Network) -an international Network.
The BGSB University has acquired 512 kbps Band width VSAT connectivity from Huges Escort Communications Limited (HECL). This connection is provided to various educational institutions to facilitate centralized Internet connectivity for Library members including students, teachers and other staff members alike. Efforts are on to provide Cyberary facility in the campus. The University has been admitted as an institutional member of DELNET (Developing Library Network)- an international Network, which has connected the University Library to about 1200 libraries across the world.
Online access to the University users’ remains open for 24 hour, ours is the second University library in the state of Jammu & Kashmir which has been registered as an institutional member by the DELNET. Since the inception of DELNET in 1988 only eight institutions have so far been registered as institutional members from this state.
Installation of DELNET facility is satisfying the major information requirement of students, research scholars and faculty members. Central Library of BGSB University is now extensively facilitating Inter-Library Loan (ILL) and Document Delivery facility to its users because online-access to more than the six million records of databases is now available. This venture is mitigating the severe shortage of books and journals which have been prohibitively costly due to the widening gap between the growing demand for literature and the limits of available resources.