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Jammu & Kashmir - An Introduction

History - Many historians and locals believe that Jammu was founded by Raja Jamboolochan in 14th century BCE. During one of his hunting campaigns he reached the Tawi River where he saw a goat and a lion drinking water at the same place.

The king was impressed and decided to set up a town after his name, Jamboo. With the passage of time, the name was corrupted and became "Jammu". According to one "folk etymology", the name "Kashmir" means "desiccated land" (from the Sanskrit: Ka = water and shimeera = desiccate). According to another folk etymology, following Hindu mythology, the sage Kashyapa drained a lake to produce the land now known as Kashmir. The king was impressed and decided to set up a town after his name, Jamboo. With the passage of time, the name was corrupted and became "Jammu". According to one "folk etymology", the name "Kashmir" means "desiccated land" (from the Sanskrit: Ka = water and shimeera = desiccate) ... click here to know more



Political - Click on the links below to now about Poltical status of the state of Jammu &  Kashmir



Geography & Geology - Geologists believe that about ten crore years have passed when Kashmir Valley which was once a lake called Satisar, the lake of goddess Sati, came into its present form.

For hundreds of million years Kashmir Valley is supposed to have remained under Tethys Sea and the high sedimentary-rock hills seen in the valley now were once under water. Geologists have come to believe that Kashmir Valley was earlier affected by earthquakes. Once there was such a devastating earthquake that it broke open the mountain wall at Baramulla and the water of the Satisar lake flowed out leaving behind latchstring mud on the margins of the mountains known as karewas. Thus came into existence the oval but irregular Valley of Kashmir. The karewas being in fact the remnants of this lake confirm this view. The karewas are found mostly to the west of the river Jhelum where these table-lands attain a height of about 380 meters above the level of the Valley. These karewas protrude towards the east and look like tongue-shaped spurs with deep ravines ... click here to know more



Infrastructure in Jammu & Kashmir

Education Sector - Education Sector in Jammu & Kashmir include University of Jammu in Jammu and University of Kashmir in Srinagar, Kashmir. The state also has Sher-e-Kashmri University of Agricultural Science and Technology J&K, that was established in the year 1982 with the objectives of catering to the research, education and extension education requirements of the state. In addition Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University has come into existence by an Act ... click here to know more

Health Infrascture - Health Infrastructure in Jammu & Kashmir consists of Government Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir. Government Medical College has a number of Hospitals Associated with it, most of them being the largest ones in the state and the most specialized ones too. These hospitals provide extensive medical care and facilities to the Kashmiri Population. Government Medical College, Jammu, is another premier institute of J&K that was started in the year, 1973 with the object to provide quality education and deliver the health care service to the people of this region. The Associated Hospitals of Government Medical College, Jammu are the premier Health Institutions of Jammu Province ... click here to know more

Industrial Scenario - Jammu and Kashmir mostly has manufacturing industries, small-scale industries, cottage industries etc. There are industries in almost all parts of Jammu and Kashmir but some areas have been marked as primarily and significantly industrial areas. Some of these important areas are Industrial Growth Centre in Samba, Integrated Infrastructure Development Project in Udhampur, Industrial Complex in Bari Brahmana, Industrial Estate in Zakura and Industrial Growth Centre in Ompora ... click here to know more

Kashmir Railway Project - India is undertaking one of its most challenging railway projects ever by building a line to connect Kashmir with the Himalayan foothills. Far from being an ordinary scheme, the 290km route crosses major earthquake zones, and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain. The idea of bringing organized transport to the Kashmir Valley is nothing new. The first proposals were made in 1898 and this was followed in both 1902 and 1905 by British-led plans to reach the region by rail, including a 2ft or 2ft 6in gauge electric railway climbing to 11,000ft over the Pir Panjal Mountain Range. None of these were built ... click here to know more




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